OAKLAND

Citywide Education Progress Report

Key Takeaways: Student and School Outcomes

Oakland has seen some improvement in student and school outcomes over time. However, the city still lags behind state and national averages and disparities persist. Graduation rates have improved, but fall behind the state by 10 percentage points. Low-income students in the city are performing worse on assessments than their peers nationally, although this metric has improved somewhat over the past five years. Students are not proportionately enrolled in advanced math coursework in high school, indicating disparities in access to high-quality educational opportunities.

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Is the education system continuously improving?

► In 2014-15, the city’s graduation rate improved relative to the state, but still lagged behind the state average.

Data: Percent of first-time 9th grade students graduating in four years, citywide and statewide.
Source: EDFacts Initiative, U.S. Department of Education, Assessment and Adjusted Cohort Graduation Rates Data, 2011-12 to 2014-15.


Do students have access to a high-quality education?

► The Education Equality Index (EEI) identifies how students from low-income families are performing in cities and schools across the country. See this interactive tool to explore individual school performance.

Data: The Education Equality Index (EEI) was supplied by Education Cities and GreatSchools. See their site for more detail.
Sources: California Department of Education, 2010-11 to 2014-15; National Assessment of Educational Progress, 2010-11 to 2014-15.

► Students from low-income families in Oakland are performing somewhat worse in math and reading than low-income students in the average city. EEI scores in Oakland have improved by 2% over time.

Data: The Education Equality Index (EEI) was supplied by Education Cities and GreatSchools. See their site for more detail.
Sources: California Department of Education, 2010-11 to 2014-15; National Assessment of Educational Progress, 2010-11 to 2014-15.

► In 2013-14, no student sub-groups in the city were enrolled in advanced math coursework at similar rates as the high school population. White, Asian American, Native American, and Pacific Islander students (shown above as “Other”) were enrolled at rates above their enrollment. Hispanic and black students had disproportionately low enrollment.

Data: Enrollment of students in math courses above Algebra II. Rates calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in advanced math by the number of students in the school. Sub-group rates determined at the school level.
Source: U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights, Civil Rights Data Collection 2013-2014.


Data & Scoring

Where did we get this data?

► Publicly available state and federal data, making our results comparable and reproducible.

► The most up-to-date data available for all 18 cities at the time of our data collection. See Methodology & Resources for more information.

What makes the data citywide?

► We include all charter and district schools within the municipal boundary of a city.

► In Houston, Indianapolis, Memphis, New Orleans, and San Antonio we use school data from multiple districts within the municipal boundary.

Background

About Oakland

In 2009, California returned control of Oakland Unified School District (OUSD) to the locally elected school board. Since then, the district has pursued a variety of reform strategies. OUSD produced a citywide school finder, and in the past two years has streamlined the enrollment processes for district and charter schools. In May 2017, Kyla Johnson-Trammell became OUSD’s sixth superintendent in nine years. 

School Choice in the City

All of Oakland’s district and charter schools participate in open enrollment. Students who apply to district schools are assigned by default to a neighborhood district school, but they may apply to any school in the city. Students who apply to charter schools participate in those schools’ lotteries.

Governance Model

The OUSD school board oversees district schools and OUSD authorizes the majority of the charter schools in the city. The Alameda County Board of Education serves as the other primary charter authorizer. 

2017 District and Charter Student Body

Enrollment: 49,600 students
Race and ethnicity: Hispanic 41%, black 26%, Other 22%, white 11%
Low-income: 73% free and reduced-price lunch

2017 School Composition

 

Note: Enrollment and demographics data for OUSD district schools and OUSD-authorized charter schools only.
Source: Oakland Unified School District and ED-Data, 2016-17.
School data from researcher analysis of public records, 2016-17.

 

 

 

The Center on Reinventing Public Education is a research and policy analysis center at the University of Washington Bothell developing systemwide solutions for K–12 public education. Questions? Email crpe@uw.edu.