NEW YORK CITY

Citywide Education Progress Report

Key Takeaways: Student and School Outcomes

Low-income students in New York City perform slightly better on standardized assessments than their peers nationally, and school proficiency rates in math and reading improved relative to the state. Graduation rates remained essentially flat, lagging behind the state by 10 percentage points in 2014-15. Most student sub-groups in the city are enrolled in high school advanced math coursework at rates similar to the high school population. However, this is not true of all racial and ethnic groups: Asian American, Native American, Pacific Islander, and students of two or more races had disproportionately high enrollment.

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Is the education system continuously improving?

► Graduation rates in the city remained flat, relative to the state. In 2014-15, the city’s graduation rate was behind the state’s.

Data: Percent of first-time 9th grade students graduating in four years, citywide and statewide.
Source: EDFacts Initiative, U.S. Department of Education, Assessment and Adjusted Cohort Graduation Rates Data, 2011-12 to 2014-15.


► Between 2012-13 and 2014-15, the math proficiency rate gap between the city and state was closing. In 2014-15 the city’s proficiency rate was 5 percentage points below the state’s.

Data: This figure reflects the city’s estimated gains in proficiency rates across elementary and middle schools, standardized at the state level and controlling for student demographics.
Source: New York State Education Department, 2012-13 to 2014-15.


► Between 2012-13 and 2014-15, the reading proficiency rate gap between the city and state was closing. In 2014-15 the city’s proficiency rate was 3 percentage points below the state’s.

Data: This figure reflects the city’s estimated gains in proficiency rates across elementary and middle schools, standardized at the state level and controlling for student demographics.
Source: New York State Education Department, 2012-13 to 2014-15.


Do students have access to a high-quality education?

► The Education Equality Index (EEI) identifies how students from low-income families are performing in cities and schools across the country. See this interactive tool to explore individual school performance.

Data: The Education Equality Index (EEI) was supplied by Education Cities and GreatSchools. See their site for more detail.
Sources:  New York State Education Department, 2010-11 to 2014-15; National Assessment of Educational Progress, 2010-11 to 2014-15.

► Students from low-income families in New York City are performing somewhat better in math and reading than low-income students in the average city. EEI scores in New York City have decreased by 2% over time.

Data: The Education Equality Index (EEI) was supplied by Education Cities and GreatSchools. See their site for more detail.
Sources:  New York State Education Department, 2010-11 to 2014-15; National Assessment of Educational Progress, 2010-11 to 2014-15.

In 2013-14, Asian American, Native American, Pacific Islander, and students of two or more races (shown above as “Other”) had disproportionately high enrollment in high school advanced math coursework.

Data: Enrollment of students in math courses above Algebra II. Rates calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in advanced math by the number of students in the school. Sub-group rates determined at the school level.
Source: U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights, Civil Rights Data Collection 2013-2014.


Data & Scoring

Where did we get this data?

► Publicly available state and federal data, making our results comparable and reproducible.

► The most up-to-date data available for all 18 cities at the time of our data collection. See Methodology & Resources for more information.

What makes the data citywide?

► We include all charter and district schools within the municipal boundary of a city.

► In Houston, Indianapolis, Memphis, New Orleans, and San Antonio we use school data from multiple districts within the municipal boundary.

Background

About New York City

As the largest public school system in the country, New York City is a leader in managing quality and choice within a complex system. Under former schools chancellor Joel Klein, New York City embarked on a portfolio management strategy that opened it to improved choice and increased school-level autonomy. While choice and autonomy remained under Chancellor Carmen Fariña, new priorities focus on universal Pre–K, investing  in struggling schools, and building community schools. The first charter school in NYC opened in 1999. Charters have grown to 10 percent of total enrollment but are limited by caps on authorizing.

School Choice in the City

New York City offers a citywide Pre–K and kindergarten choice process for all families, and 3–K for income-eligible families. Students are assigned to a neighborhood elementary school, but there are several citywide selective-enrollment choice schools in the lower grades, as well as three unzoned or partially unzoned districts (1, 7, 23). Students have limited choices for middle school, and all district high schools are available for choice. Charter schools are typically open enrollment, but some have neighborhood preferences.

Governance Model

The New York City Department of Education (NYCDOE) operates  under the control of Mayor Bill De Blasio, who appoints the Chancellor of Education, currently Richard Carranza. Mayoral control has been in effect for 15 years, and the current contract runs through June 2019. There are 32 community school districts within the city that oversee schools in each region. There are three authorizers for charter schools in the city: NYCDOE (which can no longer authorize new schools), State University of New York, and the New York State Education Department. 

2015 District and Charter Student Body

Enrollment: 1,308,212 students
Race and ethnicity: 42% Hispanic, 31% black, 15% white, 12% other
Low-income: 72% free and reduced-price lunch

2017 School Composition 

Source: Enrollment data from the Education Equality Index, 2014-15.
School data from researcher analysis of public records, 2016-17.

The Center on Reinventing Public Education is a research and policy analysis center at the University of Washington Bothell developing systemwide solutions for K–12 public education. Questions? Email crpe@uw.edu.