CLEVELAND

Citywide Education Progress Report

Key Takeaways: Student and School Outcomes

In 2013-14, students were proportionately enrolled in advanced math coursework in high school, but in the same year, white students enrolled in top-scoring elementary and middle schools at higher rates than they enrolled in lower-performing schools. City graduation rates remained far below the state’s.School proficiency rates in math and reading did not show statistically significant gains relative to the state between 2011-12 and 2014-15.

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Is the education system continuously improving?

► In 2014-15, the city’s graduation rate was below the state’s.

Data: Percent of first-time 9th grade students graduating in four years, citywide and statewide.
Source: EDFacts Initiative, U.S. Department of Education, Assessment and Adjusted Cohort Graduation Rates Data, 2011-12 to 2014-15.


► Between 2011-12 and 2014-15, the city’s proficiency rate trends in math mirrored the state’s. In 2014-15, the city’s proficiency rate was below the state’s.

Data: The city’s estimated gains in proficiency rates across elementary and middle schools, standardized at the state level and controlling for student demographics.
Source: Ohio Department of Education, 2011-12 to 2014-15.


► Between 2011-12 and 2014-15, the city’s proficiency rate trends in reading mirrored the state’s. In 2014-15, the city’s proficiency rate was below the state’s.

Data: The city’s estimated gains in proficiency rates across elementary and middle schools, standardized at the state level and controlling for student demographics.
Source: Ohio Department of Education, 2011-12 to 2014-15.


Do students have access to a high-quality education?

► The Education Equality Index (EEI) identifies how students from low-income families are performing in cities and schools across the country. See this interactive tool to explore individual school performance.

Data: The Education Equality Index (EEI) was supplied by Education Cities and GreatSchools. See their site for more detail.
Sources: Ohio Department of Education, 2010-11 to 2014-15; and National Assessment of Educational Progress, 2010-11 to 2014-15.

► In 2013-14, 19% of students enrolled in the city’s top-scoring schools. White students enrolled in top-scoring schools at higher rates than they enrolled in medium- and low-scoring schools.

Data: This figure shows whether students are equitably enrolled in the city’s top-performing 20% of schools, with school ranking based on student proficiency in state reading assessments. Within a single student sub-group, we identify what percentage is enrolled in top-, middle-, and low-performing schools. If the share of students enrolled in top-scoring schools citywide and the share of a particular sub-group are similar, this means that the sub-group is equally distributed across low-, middle-, and top-scoring schools.
Source: Ohio Department of Education, 2011-12 to 2013-14.

► In 2013-14, all student sub-groups in the city were enrolled in advanced math coursework at similar rates as in high school.

Data: Enrollment of students in math courses above Algebra II. Rates calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in advanced math by the number of students in the school. Sub-group rates determined at the school level.
Source: U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights, Civil Rights Data Collection, 2013-14.


Data & Scoring

Where did we get this data?

► Publicly available state and federal data, making our results comparable and reproducible.

► The most up-to-date data available for all 18 cities at the time of our data collection. See Methodology & Resources for more information.

What makes the data citywide?

► We include all charter and district schools within the municipal boundary of a city.

► In Houston, Indianapolis, Memphis, New Orleans, and San Antonio we use school data from multiple districts within the municipal boundary.

Background

About Cleveland

Reform and improvement efforts in Cleveland are guided by Cleveland’s Plan for Transforming Schools, a local levy and improvement strategy first approved by voters in 2012 and again with the levy’s renewal in 2016. The Plan brings together CMSD, charter leaders, and local elected officials. The Transformation Alliance, a cross-sector organization, advocates for the Cleveland Plan and engages the community. Since 2012, the Cleveland Metropolitan School District (CMSD) has had a school autonomy strategy that includes every school. CMSD is continuing to increase school-level flexibilities and adjust the central office to better support the strategy.

School Choice in the City

Families are informed of their neighborhood elementary schools, but they can choose among all CMSD schools using the district-run lottery. The city also has about 65 charter schools.

Governance Model

Cleveland’s Board of Education is made up of nine voting members appointed by the mayor from a slate of nominees selected by a local nominating panel, established under state law. The city is served by nine different charter authorizers, called sponsors, in Ohio.

2017 District and Charter Student Body

Enrollment: 55,600 students
Race and ethnicity: 65% black, 16% Hispanic, 15% white, 4% other

2017 School Composition 

Source: Enrollment data for district and charter schools from Cleveland Transformation Alliance, 2017.
School data from researcher analysis of public records, 2016-17.

The Center on Reinventing Public Education is a research and policy analysis center at the University of Washington Bothell developing systemwide solutions for K–12 public education. Questions? Email crpe@uw.edu.